1. The way it works
Valium is a brand (trade) name for diazepam.
Diazepam is used for the brief-term remedy of hysteria and seizure disorders. Diazepam is believed to work by enhancing the effects of GABA - an inhibitory neurotransmitter.
Valium belongs to the class of medicines often known as benzodiazepines.
Could also be used for the brief-time period aid of anxiety.
Can also be used to relieve signs associated with alcohol withdrawal.
Could also be utilized in addition to other therapies to relieve muscle spasm because of inflammation, trauma, or circumstances reminiscent of cerebral palsy or paraplegia.
May also be used in the therapy of extended seizures along with different anti-seizure medications.
Valium is available as a generic below the name diazepam.
If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical circumstances, side effects you might be more prone to experience embody:
Drowsiness, muscle weakness, and unsteadiness when standing; all of which could contribute to an increased risk of falls.
Might also cause confusion, despair, headache, gastrointestinal disturbances, blurred imaginative and prescient and low blood pressure.
Amnesia (lack of brief-time period memory) is more likely to occur at higher dosages and has been associated with delinquent behavior.
Might impair response skills and affect a person's skill to drive or operate machinery. Alcohol should be avoided because it may well enhance the sedative effect.
Valium is addictive and should cause emotional and physical dependence. It also carries a high potential for abuse.
Withdrawal signs (including convulsions, tremor, cramps, vomiting, sweating, or insomnia) may happen with abrupt discontinuation of extended remedy; taper off slowly below a physician's supervision.
Valium should not be used during being pregnant because it has been associated with an increased risk of beginning defects. Valium is incompatible with breastfeeding.
Paradoxical reactions (the opposite of what is expected), corresponding to worsening of insomnia, aggressiveness, hallucinations, extroversion, and rage have been reported, primarily in folks with different psychological health concerns.
Could work together with several different medicines, together with different medicine that have sedation as a side effect. See prescribing information for a full list of interactions.
Will not be suitable for some folks including those with respiratory illness, kidney or liver illness, psychiatric illness, or these with a history of substance abuse or addictive disorders.
4. Bottom Line
Valium could also be used sometimes to relieve anxiety and another circumstances akin to acute muscle spasm and alcohol withdrawal. Nevertheless, it's addictive and withdrawal symptoms will be severe.
Keep away from working machinery, driving, or performing duties that require mental alertness while taking click this
Valium may be given as break up doses, with the biggest dose just earlier than bedtime.
Grapefruit juice or grapefruit products may improve blood levels of Valium; keep away from concurrent use.
Valium can improve your risk of falls, notably if it is advisable to stand up in the middle of the evening to go to the toilet. Remove any fall hazards out of your house (equivalent to free rugs) and slowly get out of bed when getting up in the course of the night.
Avoid alcohol while taking this medicine.
Use the lowest efficient dose of Valium that has been prescribed for you. Do not improve the dosage without your doctor's advice.
Withdrawal signs (blurred imaginative and prescient, insomnia, sweating, rarely seizures) might happen if long-term Valium is stopped abruptly; discontinue slowly on a health care provider's advice.
Paradoxical reactions (the opposite of what is anticipated), reminiscent of over-excitation, anxiety, hallucinations, insomnia, and rage have been reported. Seek medical advice if these occur.
Talk to your physician or pharmacist earlier than shopping for other medications over-the-counter to check that they are suitable with Valium.
6. Response and Effectiveness
The height impact of valium is seen within 1 to 1.5 hours in most people.
Valium is metabolized into lively metabolites so its effects might last for more than 24 hours and lengthen with repeated dosing because the drug and its metabolites accumulate in the body.